Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or also known as neonatal chronic lung disease is an important respiratory illness among preterm newborns which results in significant morbidity and mortality. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia commonly affects the neonatal lung parenchyma, large airways or pulmonary artery. Paediatric pulmonologists and neonatologists work hand-in-hand to combat this diverse disease with the aim of promoting lung development and repair, improving symptoms, minimizing further pulmonary damage and detection of acute pulmonary decompensation and long-term complications. This presentation will focus on the role of a paediatric pulmonologist in the long- term follow-up. Long-term complications and outcomes of bronchopulmonary dysplasia include abnormal pulmonary function tests, airway reactivity, abnormal chemoreceptor sensitivity, recurrent wheezing episodes and sleep disordered breathing. Treatment options such as supplemental oxygen, nutrition, vaccination and potential medications will also be explored.