The prevalence of complications of tuberculosis vary from 18% to 87% depending on the population studied. TB morbidity is one of the most important causes of chronic lung disease, but the burden is hardly documented in low- and middle-income countries where clinical services, research and advocacy remain inadequate. It has been acknowledged that TB complications are likely to follow delayed diagnosis, extensive disease and long and repeated treatment. Among the most frequent TB sequelae are structural complications (ie Bronchiectasis, tracheobronchial stenosis) and psychosocial (ie anxiety, depression). Despite devastating sequelae of pulmonary TB, many issues remain unresolve and good quality evidence to overcome these problems is still lacking.